September 24, 2023

When it comes to our pets’ overall health, we often pay close attention to their diet, exercise, and grooming. However, do you ever think about their oral health? Just like people, pets can experience dental problems, which may lead to something more serious as they age. One such issue is periodontal disease, a common but often overlooked concern in pets. In this article, we’ll discuss what periodontal disease is, why it occurs in pets, and how veterinary dental surgery can make a significant difference in their well-being.

What is Periodontal Disease in Pets?

Definition of Periodontal Disease

Periodontal disease is a dental disease affecting the structures surrounding and supporting a pet’s teeth, including the gums, bone, and periodontal ligament. It is a progressive condition that can eventually lead to tooth loss if left untreated.

Gingivitis vs. Periodontitis

Periodontal disease includes two main stages: gingivitis and periodontitis. Gingivitis is the initial stage where the gums become inflamed, red, and irritated due to plaque buildup. This stage is reversible with proper dental care. If left untreated, gingivitis can progress into periodontitis, a more severe condition causing the destruction of the structures supporting the teeth, eventually leading to tooth loss.

Common Dental Diseases in Pets

Periodontal disease can be accompanied by other dental problems in pets, such as tooth decay, fractured teeth, and oral tumors. These issues further emphasize the importance of maintaining your pet’s oral health to prevent complications.

Why Periodontal Disease Occurs in Pets

Causes of Dental Disease in Pets

The primary cause of periodontal disease in pets is the buildup of plaque, a thin film of bacteria that forms on the teeth. Over time, plaque hardens into tartar, which irritates and inflames the gums. Without proper dental care, this inflammation can lead to periodontal disease.

Risk Factors for Periodontal Disease in Pets

Several risk factors can contribute to the development of periodontal disease in pets, including their age, breed, genetics, diet, and lack of proper dental care. Smaller dog breeds and brachycephalic breeds like Persian cats are more prone to periodontal disease due to crowded teeth and difficulty in maintaining oral hygiene.

Symptoms of Periodontal Disease in Pets

It’s essential to catch periodontal disease early, and the best way to do that is by knowing the signs to look for in your pet. Some common symptoms include: – Bad breath – Red, swollen, or bleeding gums – Difficulty eating or loss of appetite – Loose or missing teeth – Excessive drooling – Pawing at the mouth If you notice any of these signs in your pet, it’s crucial to schedule a visit with your veterinarian for an assessment and proper treatment.

Prevention of Periodontal Disease in Pets

Preventing periodontal disease begins with daily dental care, including brushing your pet’s teeth, providing dental chews or toys, and feeding a balanced diet. Regular check-ups with your veterinarian, including professional teeth cleanings, also play a vital role in maintaining your pet’s oral health. Dog shots in Grenada, MS are essential as well, even though they may not have a direct impact on dental health. Vaccinations protect your pet from various contagious diseases, ensuring that their immune system is strong enough to combat any oral infections that may arise.

Veterinary Dental Surgery for Periodontal Disease

In some cases, preventive care may not suffice, or dental issues might have already progressed too far. That’s where veterinary dental surgery plays a crucial role.

Tooth Extraction Process

For pets with severe periodontal disease and compromised teeth, tooth extraction might be necessary to alleviate pain and prevent further infection. The procedure involves the removal of the affected tooth and suturing the gum tissue to promote healing.

Dental Prophylaxis/Teeth Cleaning Procedures

Professional teeth cleaning or dental prophylaxis is an essential part of maintaining your pet’s oral health. This procedure involves scaling the teeth to remove plaque and tartar, smoothing the tooth surfaces, and polishing to reduce future plaque build-up. Veterinary surgery in Grenada also encompasses various other surgical procedures to address other health concerns in pets, ensuring that they live healthy, happy lives.

Veterinary Dental Surgery Alternatives

If dental issues are caught early on, your veterinarian might recommend some non-surgical treatments like teeth scaling, root planing, or antibiotics before considering surgery. However, it’s essential to keep in mind that these alternatives might not always be sufficient, and dental surgery may still be required. A Vet dentist in Grenada is well-equipped to address your pet’s dental needs, whether it’s routine teeth cleaning or more complex surgical procedures.


Periodontal disease is a common but often overlooked issue in pets. As responsible pet owners, it’s our duty to keep our furry friends’ oral health in check. Simple preventive measures like daily brushing and regular dental check-ups can go a long way in avoiding complications. However, veterinary dental surgery remains an essential treatment option for pets suffering from severe dental problems. Remember, your pet’s overall health significantly relies on their oral health – so be sure to pay attention to their teeth just as much as you do to the rest of their body.